Rail freight is an economical and environmentally friendly mode of transport in India. It is known for its capacity to handle bulk cargo efficiently.

Rail freight includes the transportation of goods in containers, bulk cargo like pharma, garments, electronics and grains, and even refrigerated cargo in some cases.

Railways have specific weight and size limits for cargo, and these can vary based on the type of railcar and railway infrastructure.

1) SLR (Second Class Luggage cum Guard Van – 4 Tone):

Purpose: SLR is a type of railcar used for carrying luggage and serving as an accommodation for the guard or ticket collector on passenger trains. It combines a luggage compartment and a seating area for the railway staff.

Capacity: The luggage compartment in an SLR can vary in size, but it's primarily used for storing passenger luggage, parcels, and other cargo items. The seating area typically accommodates railway personnel responsible for overseeing the train journey.

2) VPH (High-Capacity Parcel Van – 24 Tone):

Purpose: VPH, also known as a High-Capacity Parcel Van, is a specialized railcar designed for the transportation of parcels and goods. These vans are used to carry various types of cargo, including mail, parcels, and express freight.

Capacity: VPH railcars are designed to maximize cargo capacity while ensuring the safe and efficient handling of parcels and goods. They often have multiple compartments with secure storage areas to accommodate different types of cargo.

Rail freight operations in India are governed by the Indian Railways and adhere to established regulations to ensure safety and efficiency.